Top 10 Best Mafia & Gangster Games
At the start of the game, each player is secretly assigned a role affiliated with one of these teams.
The game has two alternating phases: one, during which the mafia may covertly "murder" an innocent, and two, in which surviving players debate the identities of the mafia and vote to eliminate a suspect.
The game continues until all of the mafia have been eliminated or until the mafia outnumber the innocents.
He dates the first game to spring 1987 at the Department ofspreading to classrooms, dorms, and summer camps of.
Wired attributes the creation to Davidoff but dates the first game to 1987, with 1986 being the year in which Davidoff was starting the work which would produce Mafia.
He developed the game to combine psychology research with his duties teaching students.
The game became popular in other Soviet colleges and schools and in the 1990s it began to be played in other parts of Europe and then the United States.
By the mid 1990s a version of the game became a series with a parliamentary setting, and played by Latvian celebrities.
Mafia and a variant called Thing have been played at science fiction writers' workshops since 1998, and have become an integral part of the annual Clarion and Viable Paradise workshops.
The Werewolf variant of Mafia became widespread at major tech events, including the,and.
In 1998 the Higher school of the published the click at this page textbook Nonverbal communications.
Developing role-playing games 'Mafia' and 'Murderer' for a course on Visual psychodiagnostics, to teach various methods of reading and nonverbal signals.
In September 1998 Mafia was introduced to the Graduate College atwhere a number of variants were developed.
The werewolf theme was also incorporated in the French adaption of Mafia.
In August 2000, a user under the alias "" of The Grey Labyrinth, a website devoted to puzzles and puzzle solving, ran a game of mafia adapted for play on a forum board.
Both The Grey Labyrinth and sister site MafiaScum claim that this was the first game of mafia run on a forum board.
From there, Mafia has spread to numerous online communities.
In March 2006 Ernest Fedorov was running a Mafia Club inusing his own variation of the rules.
The club organizes games,and awards prizes including a trip for their tournament-series champion.
In June 2006 a school inquiry was launched after parents complained of the traumatic effects classroom Mafia was having on their children.
Davidoff responded to the reports, saying that as a parent who had studied for 25 years, he felt that the game could "teach kids to distinguish right from wrong", and that the positive message of being honest could overcome the negative effects of an "evil narrator" moderating the game as if it were a scary story.
Mafia was called one of the 50 most historically and culturally significant games published since 1890 according to.
Live games require a moderator who does not participate as a player, and identities are assigned by handing out cards.
At the start of the game, every mafioso is given the identities of their teammates, whereas the innocents only receive the number of mafioso in the game, and do not know which players are mafia and which are innocents.
There are two phases: night and day.
At night, certain players secretly perform special actions; during day, players discuss and vote to "lynch", or eliminate, one player.
These phases alternate with each other until all mafiosi have been eliminated or until the mafia outnumbers the innocents.
Some players may be given roles with special abilities.
Davidoff's original game does not include roles with special abilities.
In his rules for "Werewolf", Plotkin recommends that the first phase be day and that there be an odd number of players.
These specifications prevent players from being killed before the first day and in most scenarios ensure that the game will end dramatically on a lynching rather than with an anticlimactic murder.
The moderator then instructs all members of the mafia to open their eyes and acknowledge their accomplices.
The mafia members pick a "victim" by silently gesturing to indicate their target and to show then close their eyes again.
A similar process occurs for other roles with nightly actions.
In the case of the detective, the moderator may indicate the target's innocence or guilt by using gestures such as nodding or head shaking.
Werewolves discussing whom to kill during the night moderator on the right Night may be accompanied by players tapping gently to mask sounds made by gesturing.
Discussion ensues among the living players.
At any point, a player may accuse someone of being a mafioso and prompt others to vote to lynch them.
If over half of the players do so, the accused person is eliminated and night begins.
Otherwise, the phase continues until a lynching occurs.
According to some rules, the role of dead players are revealed; according to others, it is not.
In both cases, dead players are not permitted to attempt to influence the remainder of the game.
Because players have more freedom to deliberate, days tend to be longer than nights.
Early treatment of the game concentrated onwhile more recent studies have tried to derive closed-form equilibrium solutions for perfect play.
In 2006, the computer scientists Braverman, Etesami and Mossel proved that without detectives and with the randomized strategy is.
With a simulation, they confirmed that 50 mafiosi would have almost a 50% chance to win among 10,000.
If any detectives are added to the game, Braverman et al.
In 2008, Erlin Yao derived specific analytical bounds for the mafia's win probability when there are no detectives.
In a paper from 2010, exact formula for the probability that the mafia wins was found.
Moreover, it was shown that the of the initial number of players plays an important role.
In particular, when the number of mafiosi is fixed and an odd player is added to the game and ties are resolved bythe mafia-winning chance do not drop but rise by can game like lord of the rings conquest your factor of approx.
People accused of something they're trying to hide will start out feigning outrage — 'How dare you ask me that?
One of the game's fanshas said that "If the villagers are allowed to keep a pencil and paper, they always win.
They will typically get better at the skills needed for playing innocents faster, being villagers more often go here mafiosi.
When playing Mafia games with the same people, it's more helpful to be known for than for deceit.
Davidoff considers that so important that he thinks the advantages of playing the mafioso role honestly, outweigh the disadvantages.
But, the Mafia can win in live play; their best chance of winning occurs when mafioso with their innocent and convince those neighbours to value that bond over dispassionate analysis.
The game designers Salen and Zimmerman have written that the deep social game play in Mafia combined with the fear of elimination create ideal conditions for this.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
Find sources: — · · · · November 2017 These additional roles are named differently in the many versions of Mafia, italian mafia party games likeor historical reasons.
Also, the same role-name can have differing functions across different versions of the game.
What follows is a general list of role types found in Mafia variants; since the specific names vary by it must be non-exhaustive.
Though the standard game now includes the basic Detective, these roles are optional, and games can exclude them entirely such as the stool pigeon variant, or Davidoff's original rules.
Allied with the Innocents, the can detect whether a player is a mafioso.
They will typically wake up, and point at one person; the Narrator will silently indicate to the Detective whether that player is Mafia or Innocent.
In some versions of the game, here Detective's italian mafia party games like result is announced publicly by the Narrator, for example the Detective found a Mafioso!.
More commonly, no announcement is made.
As with other roles, which player is the detective is not generally known, leaving anyone the option of pretending to be the Detective.
A Detective is usually included in modern games.
For example, somebody is always assigned this role in all commercial versions, and almost all internet-based, and most face-to-face games start with at least one detective.
Multiple detectives either act in separate night phases unaware of the identities of other detectives or work together as the police an.
Roles which detect other roles are usually implemented in the same way as the Detective's ability to determine alignment.
For example: the points to a player at night for a Thumbs-up from the moderator if the Vigilante is pointed to.
A Tracker may see what someone's night action was, or the target of their action, while a Watcher may see all those who visited someone at night.
Information revealed to investigators is fallible in more complicated variants.
Online versions can give information with a level, and in other variants the Narrator deceives the Detective by showing all players as Innocent, all as Guilty, giving reversed results, or random information these can be termed as Naive, Paranoid, Insane, or Random respectively.
games atlantis lost tales, some Alignment roles give immunity to successful investigation.
In some games, there are Mafia Detectives, who have the power of a normal detective but are on the Mafia side.
The Super Commandant has the standard power of a Detective, while also protecting the investigated from night-time attack.
Instead of having to investigate, some innocent roles give complete information on the entire mafia: The is told who the mafia are during the first night, while the mafia are not told the witness's identity differing from the stool pigeon in not being a part of the mafia.
The Little Girl in Werewolf and Werewolves of Miller's Hollow is allowed to secretly peek and watch as the werewolves choose their victim; if discovered doing so by the Werewolves, she dies of fright.
Allied with the Innocents, the Doctor-type role defends others at night.
Typically, they will awaken at night after the Mafia have gone back to sleep and point at one person to protect; that person will survive any night-time attack.
They are typically allowed to protect themselves, and are commonly barred from protecting the same target on successive nights.
A Guardian Angel can only protect others.
The Nurse gains the Doctor's abilities if the Doctor dies.
The Jailer protects innocents just like the doctor, but also simultaneously blocks their night action.
The Firefighter, or the can protect from some night-time attacks but not others see more Werewolf, for example, they choose one person to protect withbut that person may still be killed by the Serial Killer.
Other games limit this ability to a certain number of times.
Aside from Mafia, Werewolves, and Serial Killers solitary guilty partiesthe Innocents may have some roles with the ability to kill at night.
The is an innocent who kills every night, in their own night-time phase, in some variations, having a limited bullet supply for the entire game.
Some variations introduce a time limit of two nights before the player in the Killing Role can exercise their right to kill again or the trait that if they kill an innocent they either lose the ability to kill or die from guilt the next night.
In the case of the Veteran, they may use their ability a finite number of times, usually 3 in which anyone who targets them friend or foe will be killed.
The Bomb may only trigger if targeted at night not necessarily for death by another role.
Variants exist where this person can kill during the daytime cycle e.
The Woodcutter or can take one other person with them whenever they die.
Some roles can fool : the Miller is an Innocent who appears guilty usually because they are an outsider ; the Godfather, on the other hand, appears innocent despite being the Mafia leader.
The Alpha Wolf or Master Werewolf have the same role as the Godfather in Werewolf settings.
The Traitor is not a mafioso in that he does not awake at night and is not revealed as a mafioso by Detective type rolesbut works to protect them and hamper the town during the day cycle, and wins only with a Mafia victory.
Conversely, the Undercover Cop is a within the Mafia group who acts with the Mafia but wins with the innocents.
The stool pigeon may be the only optional role in play, and makes up one of the few modern game forms to be played without an investigative role.
Distinct from the alignment-role Godfather, the double-agent Godfather behaves as a standard mafioso, but wakes again after the Mafia sleep to perform an extra kill.
This Godfather-role wins only if he survives.
These roles can stop or alter the night actions of others; for instance, they may prevent a protection or investigation from occurring, or they may change the target.
The Role-blocker can block the Vigilante for a night, while the Thief, Prostitute or Hypnotizer might be able to disable the powers of any selected target.
When the thief is used in Werewolves, an additional townsfolk card is added before dealing, and the Thief may choose on the first night to steal the role of another player or to take the unused role card.
The player whose role was stolen gets the unused role card and the Thief card is discarded.
The Mafia may be able to recruit innocent players into their faction under certain circumstances.
The is a regular mafia player with an extra power: they may sacrifice themselves from the second night during the night and choose an innocent to join the mafia.
Each night, the selects a player to ; if a mafioso is cured, they awaken as an innocent.
The is an innocent with the ability to convert the into a normal innocent.
The wins by charming every surviving player; she charms players at night, who then know each other but not the piper but are otherwise unaffected.
Possessors of these roles know one another and what their roles are.
On the innocent's side, a usually has no special abilities, but knows the identity of all other Masons and that all Masons are also innocent.
Every member of the detectives or the knows all the rest, because they collaborate at night to investigate someone sharing the powers of the Detective role between them.
In this variant, the Lovers can also win the game regardless of whether they are Mafia, Innocents, or both by being the last two standing.
Until the dies there are two lynchings per day.
In some games there are players who can change the vote count.
Some players have 2 votes Doublevoter ; some players can only cast the final vote to kill a player Actor ; cannot vote to lynch Voteless Innocent ; must delegate someone else to vote for them Foolor require one fewer vote to lynch Hated Innocent.
The Priest cannot place the final vote this role is not necessarily the same as the Reanimation-role priest.
The selects someone during the night, and if that person tops the lynching vote the next day, saves them a different lawyer role releases the written by players killed up to that point, when she dies.
This role is taken in addition to the assigned role, and it endows the player with additional,powers particularly during the daytime.
Empowerment can be random, but is usually made by vote.
For instance, the Mayor or Sheriff can be elected each morning, and gain two lynching votes, or a Judge could moderate discussion in fashion to the advantage of their team.
The elected has the sole lynching vote.
In Town of Salem, a version of Mafia, the Sheriff is a role which can interrogate people at night, and get to know their role.
The Godfather and the Arsonist are immune to the detection of a Sheriff, and the Framer can frame a player to make them appear as a mafioso.
This may be a secondary role, taken in addition to the assigned role.
However, it has the opposite effect, giving the bearer a handicap, like speaking only in the case of the Village Drunk, etc.
Alternatively, it may be a standard role with a particular constraint, such as thewho must say the word werewolf at least once each day.
The Dentist may select any other player at night, and prevent them speaking during the following day.
The Silencer is a mafioso with the identical power, except that they may not silence the same player on successive days.
The silenced individual wakes in the morning and is immediately instructed not to talk until the end of the day.
They can still raise their hand to vote in live games although, if they were silenced by a prostitute, they are not allowed to vote.
The dark background roles are mafia or innocent except for revealing a deceptive alignment when killed.
The gathers information from the killings that can help the innocents, while the Priest learns about the alignment of the dead in the same way that the Detective learns about the living.
The can interrogate dead players.
While the survives, the narrator will explain the means of death in all night kills.
Revivers and Master Revivers are able to dead players, Master Revivers can bring the revived into their association e.
The players resurrected by a are converted to the Necromancer's alignment; those revived by the join a separate zombie group.
The Governor can those killed during the daytime, as can the Martyr if he sacrifices himself.
The Witch has a single-use.
At night, she's shown who will die in the morning, and can choose to save them.
The Bulletproof innocent is at night, though usually with limits; for example, the Elder will survive the first night attack, but not the second.
The has an similar to a Seer but also has the power to talk when inactive talking in a sleep phase is usually a rule infraction.
The baker is on the side of the innocents.
During the night, the baker gives one player a loaf of bread, potentially revealing their identity.
If the baker dies, the innocents have just three nights to dispose of the mafia, or the innocentsand the mafia win.
The Cobbler,or Jester has the objective of convincing the town to kill them, or is required to vote in favor of all proposed lynchings.
Sometimes, successful lynching of the Village Idiot results in the mafia being able to kill two people that night.
There are many special roles, and many moderators design novel roles for each game.
Some commercial variants ship with blank cards to allow this customization.
Common alternative themes restyle the mafia as werewolves, cultists, assassins, or witches, with other roles being renamed appropriately.
Over the years, players have created Mafia variants that include additional rules.
Some of these are listed here.
Other variants suspend this rule, and only declare the game after every member of one faction has been eliminated: this makes the game easier to explain, and to run.
Usually, each player must vote, can only vote once and cannot vote for themselves.
But some variants have source more source process of selecting players to be executed.
Davidoff's original 'Mafia' allowed multiple day-time executions per dayeach needing only a plurality to action.
The special case of one mafioso and one innocent remaining can be decided randomly or be ruled a Mafia win—this is more usual in live play.
Although commonly unsure of Mafia identities, the Innocents are more likely to randomly kill a mafioso than are the Mafia at night.
Therefore, not lynching anyone even at random will typically favor the Mafia.
In this variant, the mafiosi only "wake up" open their eyes at the very beginning of the game when they identify each other.
This variant also allows other roles to take their actions by simply raising their hands when their target's name is called out.
Under this variant, Innocent players write the word 'honest' on a piece of paper; Mafia members write the name of a player for elimination.
If all the mafia notes have the same name on them, that player is considered killed by the Mafia.
In some online versions of the game, a particular player the Godfather or a designated mafioso must send in the kill.
Another variant requires the night-time vote to be secret and unanimous, but allows multiple players to be added to the execution to ensure unanimity.
Attributes were originally derived from roles that could apply to both Mafia and Innocent alignments such as Bulletproof cannot be killed at nightMayor has two votes in the lynchand Siamese Twins more commonly known as Siblings or Lovers.
The difference from a standard game of Mafia is that players are not initially assigned roles, but rather on each day are given the probabilities describing the game's current.
Each player with a non-zero probability of being a seer or a werewolf performs the appropriate night actions which may not be effective if it is later determined that the player did not have that role.
When a player is killed, the and the players are given updated probabilities.
In this variation, players who are 'lynched' are kicked off the train at the next stopand must wait in shame for the following train — a kind of 'afterlife' train — to join a second, interwoven game.
Invisible City: Rebels vs.
The two factions are: the Rebels, the majority; and the Spies, the informed minority.
The rule-set replaces expulsions with by round.
Each player is assigned an individual mission each round.
Some missions are critical and if one of those fails, the round goes to the Spies, but only one player knows which missions are critical.
They then have a single day of discussion, with a single lynching.
No players are eliminated as the game progresses.
There is no moderator, so everyone gets to participate as a member of the town or village.
When playing this game, three more role cards are used than the number of players; when everyone is randomly dealt out their card the three extra ones placed in the middle of the table.
To begin the game one of the players, with eyes closed, will act as the "caller" on the single starting night, going through the nighttime roles once: Werewolves and Masons if in play will identify each other, the Seer will examine one player's card or two of the middle cards, the Robber will steal another player's role card and replace it with their own, the Troublemaker will blindly swap two players' role cards, the Insomniac wakes up to check if their role card has been swapped, etc.
The game ends on a single lynching vote, with the villagers winning if a single werewolf is caught, and the werewolves winning if no werewolves are killed.
This game can be played with as few as three players.
It involves several different roles from multiple factions.
Every single player is assigned a role.
There are no "innocents" people who have no special role but are aligned with the Town.
Besides the Mafia and the Town, there is also a separate, "neutral" faction whose roles are usually not aligned with either faction and have their own goals.
For example, the Executioner needs to get someone lynched during the day, the Jester's goal is to be hanged during the day must convince the town they are an evil rolethe Survivor must simply stay alive until the opinion games like fallout can of the game, and the Arsonist must be the last person standing.
The game was recently updated to add a new faction: the Coven, which mainly consists of witches and is similar in function and goal to the more traditional Mafia.
Games can be played onwhere a bot assumes the role of a game moderator and the interaction of players is conducted via textual communication.
Since 2008, many other Mafia game sites were formed.
These sites are attempts at reproducing the live Mafia games, and the duration and the mechanics of the games are about the same as when the game is played traditionally.
Playing mafia-like games online opens the possibility of long lasting games, such as the ones on forums.
In such games, one day in real life usually corresponds to one day within the game, so players log in each morning to see who was killed during the night phase.
The online games have several advantages.
There is no need to gather many people in the same room, so organizing and playing a game of Mafia is faster and more convenient.
Removing the human moderator and the need for players to close their eyes removes the possibility of accidental revelation of information.
Online play also allows role mechanics which would be too cumbersome to use in a physical version of the game.
A drawback of online play is the lack of direct face-to-face communication, which many consider the most important aspect of Mafia.
Some sites organize Mafia games with web cams, so that face-to-face communication is preserved.
The long lasting online mafia games that are usually played via online forums do not necessarily have this drawback.
People who communicate via forums usually do not know each other in real life.
In a traditional Mafia game, all of the players are in one room.
There is no way to communicate with another player in private.
With online games, this is not the case.
Many Mafia game forums and game sites have rules that mandate that only one channel of communication must be used for all game related discussion.
Thus forbidding the use of alternative channels for discussing the game.
These rules are obviously only declarative as there is no way of enforcing them efficiently.
It is especially difficult to enforce such rules during long games with players who communicate with each other in person in real life.
All forums support different kind of game setups, so it is feasible to organize a forum game without the restrictions on private messaging.
A particular problem for these rules is trying to prevent "dead" players from participating in the game.
Since, in general case, this breach of rules cannot be proven, the gameplay of most sites depends heavily on players' honesty and integrity.
He credits this game-based to pioneering 1920s psychologist.
For the rules of the original variant, see:.
For a detailed description of another variant of this game, see: Solis, Daniel.
For the most recent variant using web-enabled devices, see:.
Annals of Applied Probability.
Similarly, the Lupus in Tabula Preparation calls for the Seer card to be dealt to somebody even if the game is played with the minimum number of players eight.
Getting Started with Ultimate Werewolf Role Selection advises that even the introductory game should include the Seer with further optional roles being added in addition to the seer in later games.
As does the Seer in Are You a Werewolf?
Andrew Plotkin's original Werewolf always includes a Villager Seerand he mentions that in 1997 Mafia was played in the convention of samurai games online legend like a Knight Commandant.
The role of the Knight Commandant or Knight is described in detail as having the standard Detective powers in:.
Archived from on 2007-12-08.
Plotkin describes which had as well off the current average.
A rare modern rule-set with No is: Engstrom, Vegard 1999.
The Mafia-Doctor is a mafioso, and a more obscure variant role, with the opposite power click the following article the Doctor of protecting the guilty from attack during the day.
The Mafia do not usually know the identity of the protected player, nor get a chance to select another victim, so this attack is wasted if the Mafia target a protected player e.
Archived from on 2005-12-24.
She is allowed to see who was killed by the werewolves before applying the protective potion, so this character is more typical of the than the protective italian mafia party games like />This makes the vigilante as lethal as the entire Mafia, potentially overbalancing the game, which has led to the introduction of roles that limit his effectiveness, such as the Walrus role-blocker.
The Woodcutter is a less common name for the role.
Wired recommends including the hunter in even the most basic games:.
If immunity to detection is the Godfather's only power, his leadership of the Mafia need only be nominal:.
Archived from on 2007-02-27.
Archived from on 2007-12-15.
The thief sometimes has a purely investigative function — being only able to determine the roles from stolen items.
Archived from on 2007-02-27.
Archived from PDF on 2011-08-10.
In other variants, the mafia can't kill anyone else on the night this power is used.
The potential existence of a Yakuza makes innocents with protective roles less inclined to reveal their roles for fear of being converted or more inclined to reveal themselves if they expect the Mafia to win and wish to be converted.
Conde Nast Publications 3.
John Aegard is running another event, to take place Friday at 8 p.
John says, Come play the game that's paralyzed two straight Clarions — MAFIA!
Since the Clarion workshops take place during the summer, the game must have first been played at a Clarion workshop in 1998, most likely Clarion East — see David Levine's account of Clarion West 2000.
Archived from on 2011-08-17.
After the introductions and instructions for the next day, I thought that perhaps we'd be released and I could go see the room I was to italian mafia party games like staying in for the week and chill out a little from the travel.
But such was not to be, for the agenda now turned to the important bonding activity of playing Mafia and Thing.
So I pushed away the cranky traveler's whininess that was stalking me, and sat down in a circle with a bunch of strangers and began to accuse them of lying and murder.
Archived from on 2014-05-17.
Retrieved 21 July 2016.
Retrieved 21 July 2016.
The Internet's First Home of Mafia.
Retrieved 21 July 2016.
The original thread can still be found.
Now the rules of the game are the intellectual property of Fedorov.
The club has its own rules, see:.
The reason it is significant is given:.
Archived from on 2007-11-03.
Werewolf is a favorite at game conventions and has been written about in several mainstream articles.
Night-Noise: When everyone closes their eyes at night, it is best for people to also start humming, tapping the table, patting a knee, or making some noise.
If we figure that 9 or 11 players is ideal for a two-wolf game, and we assume that these probabilities actually means anything heh hehthen an ideal game has a human-win chance of 0.
Again, for completely stupid humans.
Annals of Applied Probability.
Archived from on 2012-03-16.
Proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on Human factors in computing systems: 849.
Archived from on 2008-11-20.
Through the Children's Gate: A Home in New York.
You and George against the Mafia — but then the quick nightly shadow intrudes: What if George is the Mafia?
Yet the proper suspicions, though they rise, rarely override these instant bonds.
Rules of play: game design fundamentals illustrated ed.
The sorcerer is granted different powers in other rule-sets, like Princeton University's, in which the Wizard has the ability to detect the Seer.
Whatever name this role is known by, the Detective-detector is typically aligned with the Mafia for example, see:.
Through the Children's Gate: A Home in New York.
Archived from on 2007-11-18.
Archived from on 2008-11-20.
Archived from on 2007-02-27.
Archived from on 2007-02-20.
Archived from on 2005-12-24.
The Johns Hopkins News-Letter.
One person out of the circle finds themselves tapped twice, making them the.
He must inform the townspeople, i.
The game shows a historical conflict between the accusers and the accused.
When 'the psychiatrist' is in play, the Serial Killer may be Theas in:.
Archived from on 2007-02-27.
The Big Book of Rules.
Or, a simple version using only citizens, mafia, and detectives, as described in: Toone, M.
The detectives now guess who they think might be one of the Mafia -no talking allowed, they simply point to one person.
Optional rule: if the Lovers die and Cupid is still alive, Cupid chooses a new set of lovers.
Archived from on 1999-03-02.
Accusations may happen any number of times during the discussion.
If the majority of the players who are still in the game agrees, the Night begins.
For example, see: Yao, E.
Archived from on 2007-11-13.
This is a -themed variant with other expanded rules, released under licensing.
Note — This variant was performed with great success on November 12, 1998 — From the old Princeton variant rules.
Archived from PDF on 2011-08-10.
Additional rules created by Jon Bennett, accepted in local Mafia circles.
Human-Computer Interaction Group,Greece.
Archived from on 2012-06-27.
Retrieved 25 February 2014.
Retrieved 20 November 2018.
Retrieved 20 November 2018.
By using this site, you agree to the and.
Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of thea non-profit organization.
Fun Party Games : How to Play the "Murderer" Party Game
Since 2008, many other Mafia game sites were formed. These sites are attempts at reproducing the live Mafia games, and the duration and the mechanics of the games are about the same as when the game is played traditionally. Playing mafia-like games online opens the possibility of long lasting games, such as the ones on forums.
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